This is a seminar on constitutional interpretation. The central question of the seminar is: how should / may a constitution be interpreted? Answering that question implicates at least two additional questions: What is a constitution? And who has (primary) authority to interpret or apply the provisions of a constitution? Although our focus will be on the Constitution of the United States, you are welcome to draw comparisons across nations and even among the states of the U.S. Readings will include constitutional text, judicial decisions, other basic documents, and secondary sources.